COVID-19 has rattled the entire world. What started as a virus in just China has become the world’s largest concern today. The majority of the countries are implementing strict measures such as lockdowns and strict supervision. There are also several precautions, such as using hand sanitizer with alcohol, we as human beings need to take and follow.
How does the coronavirus spread?
Before getting into what measures to take, it is necessary to know how this virus spreads. This is a communicable disease, easily spreading from person to person.
Here is the chain of events:
- The virus spreads from people near one another. It could also be from physical contact such as handshaking or touching contaminated surfaces.
- When an infected person sneezes, coughs, or talks near you, you are exposed to their infected respiratory droplets.
- They could land on our nose and mouth. You and other people can inhale these droplets also, sending them straight to the lungs.
- Recent studies have shown that the virus can be spread via people who aren’t showing any symptoms also. This is called an asymptomatic spread and can be dangerous.
As the global statistics stand now, more than 4 million people have been infected, with over 200,000 deaths. In India, there are currently more than 78,000 people infected out of which more than 26,000 have recovered. It is now easy to buy preventer gear like hand sanitizer online.
Preventive measures against COVID-19
There is no vaccine available yet against fighting COVID-19. Our health professionals are working hard to find one for the world. Till then we have to take responsibility for our health and perform certain steps.
1. Wash your hands
This is the most effective action we can take against the virus. Make sure to repeatedly wash your hands for 20 seconds. You should do this especially after you have been in a public space, coughed, or sneezed. All of these have a potential virus causing or facilitating germs. There are five steps to washing our hands:
- Wet your hands with clean water (hot or cold) and apply soap.
- Lather the soap onto your hands by rubbing them back and forth.
- Scrub your hands rigorously for 20 seconds. Make sure to scrub all surfaces of the hands such as the backs of the hands, between fingers, wrists, and under fingernails.
- Then rinse your hands well under clean water.
- Dry your hands with a clean towel.
Do not touch your mouth, eyes, or nose until you have cleaned your hands. In order to keep track of how long to wash your hands, you can sing the birthday song. If you can’t use soap, use alcohol-based hand sanitizer. You can buy hand sanitizer online, without leaving your house. Washing our hands with soap and using hand sanitizer kills the virus on our hands.
2. Maintain good respiratory hygiene
Other than washing or sanitizing your hands regularly, here are some things to keep in mind. First, if you don’t have a face cloth or mask with you in a private setting, keep your mouth and nose covered with a tissue. When you feel like coughing or sneezing, do so in the tissue or the inside of your elbow.
Second, dispose of the tissues immediately in the trash and then wash your hands. This stops the spread of the infected droplets. It protects you and your family from not just the coronavirus but from the flu and cold as well.
3. Clean and sanitize your home
Make sure you thoroughly sanitize frequently touched surfaces in and around your house. This includes everything like doorknobs, phones, keyboards, etc. These are potential contamination zones. There is a way to properly sanitize those surfaces. First, use either soap water or detergent to clean dirty surfaces. Next, use household disinfectant to get a thorough clean.
4. Avoid close contact
When outside, stay away from crowded areas and maintain the social distancing norm. Keeping a physical distance from people is another effective way you can avoid the virus.
Maintain a distance of 6 meters from sick people even within your home. Make sure that you and your housemates follow good respiratory hygiene. If you show minor symptoms such as coughing, headache, mild fever, immediately distance yourself from others. Do not leave your house unless you need to. Doing this lowers the risk of spreading the virus to more people.
5. Buy and use protective gear
When you do go out of the house, make sure you are wearing a mask. These equipment help in protecting your mouth and nose from harmful viruses and also prevents the spread of germs. You can find the n95 mask price online. If you can’t find a mask, cover your mouth and nose with any cloth face cover. These cloth face covers are not meant for children under the age of two years or for those who cannot remove their masks by themselves.
Masks are not a substitute for social distancing. They are simply an extra layer of protection. Remember to sanitize and wash your masks regularly. Never share your mask with others as this also runs the risk of spread. Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) kits are also available in the market. These kits are mainly for health and social care professionals who are combatting the virus head-on. These kits have full-body gear such as surgical masks, medical gowns and gloves, and also N95 respirators. Those in need can buy PPE online.
6. Stay updated
Follow reliable sources for updates on the virus and other preventive techniques to follow. You can also work on building your immunity by eating healthier foods, exercising, and taking care of your health. This is especially important if you are easily susceptible to infections like the flu. The moment you show symptoms such as fever, difficulty breathing, and cough, seek medical attention.
The entire world is fighting together against this virus. All of these measures are taken to flatten the curve and prevent new cases. If we fighting COVID-19 together, we can rid ourselves of this virus. Remember: stay safe, stay at home! Remember: stay safe, stay at home!